LibraryLife and EnvironmentalEarth & Environmental Science

Toluene and Ethyl Acetate Biodegradation by Peat Biofilters

Respirometric and Microbial Community Evolution Monitoring

by Javier Álvarez Hornos

e-Book PDF
Institution: University of Valencia
Advisor(s): Carmen Gabaldón García
Degree: Master's in Chemical Engineering
Year: 2006
Volume: 79 pages
ISBN-10: 1599426609
ISBN-13: 9781599426600


Air streams discharged from industrial sources contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) for which environmental regulations are being increasingly restrictive. Biofiltration is an environmentally friendly technology for treatment of waste gases containing relatively low concentration of VOCs, because of its simplicity, low cost and non-generating hazardous residues. In this work, three laboratory-scale peat biofilters were operated at 90s empty bed residence time for a continuous period of 7 months. Biodegradation of ethyl acetate, toluene, or a 1:1 mixture were investigated (these compounds are among the key pollutants in the exhaust air from printing and coating facilities, and paint manufacturing). A CO2 emissions monitoring and the determination the dynamics of living and dead cells, have been implemented in this work