Well-being in middle to late adolescence: The role of life events and grit

by Kyla A Machell

Institution: George Mason University
Year: 2017
Keywords: Clinical psychology; Adolescence; Grit; Life events; Life Satisfaction; Meaning in Life; Well-being
Posted: 02/05/2017
Record ID: 2114877
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/1920/10410


We used a strengths-based, dynamic person-environment fit approach to study adolescent well-being by considering the contribution of both environmental (life events) and person-level (grit) factors to predict changes in adolescent well-being over a period of one year. A sample of 306 adolescents, ages 15 to 18, from 18 countries completed online surveys. Using latent growth curve modeling, we found that both positive and negative life events predicted the rate of change in adolescent satisfaction with life (SWL), but not meaning in life (MIL), over a period of one year. Grit was positively related to initial levels of adolescent well-being. Grit-perseverance was negatively related to MIL growth over one year, and grit interacted with negative life events when predicting change in adolescent MIL. Results indicate that the dynamic factors of life events and grit influence trajectories of adolescent well-being, highlight a boundary condition for the beneficial effects of grit, and provide new insights into the processes that influence positive youth development. Advisors/Committee Members: Short, Jerome LKashdan, Todd B (advisor).