Three Essays in the Economics of Migration andEducation

by Pandeli Kazaqi

Institution: The Ohio State University
Year: 2016
Keywords: Agricultural Economics; Economics; Regional Studies; Human capital; Migration of skilled economic agents; European migration; Wage differentials; Innovation; Productivity
Posted: 02/05/2017
Record ID: 2064732
Full text PDF: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1449487286


The present thesis is a study of the immigration phenomenon and its repercussions in both the economic wellbeing of individuals – who migrate (or not) – and the regions that receive or lose population. More specifically, the first chapter, using the SESTAT database analyzes the impact of interstate migration of U.S. citizens – from birth state to employment stat – on their career outcomes. This essay contributes to the economic literature by specifically studying the case of U.S.A and by empirically correcting possible selection bias that rises from the duality between migration propensity and human capital endowment. The results indicate that repeat migration is associated with higher average salaries, while late migration with salary penalty. The second chapter tries to shed light in the relationship between the migration of highly-skilled economic agents and the productivity differences among different regions. The model predicts that people will be attracted by relatively more productive and more innovative areas. Eventually, this will affect both the destination and origin. To check the predictability of the model, I use U.S. data in state level. My empirical approach is based on a simultaneous equation model. The results are in accordance with the core expectations of the model: more educated people are more likely to move to more productive areas and regions that receive highly-skilled migrants tend to become more innovative. Furthermore, highly-skilled people are less likely to migrate to places where taxes and housing prices are relatively higher. In recent decades immigration in the European continent has been a hot debate topic among people and scientists alike. The last chapter of my thesis aspires to provide empirical evidence of how economic, social, and geographical characteristics shape natives' beliefs about immigrants. To answer this question I combine information from the European Values Study, Eurostat and OECD. In accordance with theory, my results suggest that economic phenomena, such as unemployment, income, or educational level play a vital role in shaping peoples' stance towards immigrants. In addition non-economic variables show strong correlation with immigration attitudes. Geography and historical facts about a country seem to also affect the minds of Europeans towards immigrants. Advisors/Committee Members: Faggian, Alessandra (Advisor).