A theoretical model and empirical technique for the study of problem solving processes

by Susanna Margaretha Prinsloo

Institution: University of Johannesburg
Year: 2015
Keywords: Problem solving - Psychological aspects; Cognition in children - Research - South Africa
Record ID: 1416018
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13342


This study took place within the field of cognitive psychology, at the interface between the differential and experimental traditions, thereby contributing towards an emerging trend of theoretical synthesis. A structural model of problem solving processes was developed and a methodological design strategy for the measurement of cognitive processes followed. Indications for further research in the area were made. The major predictions of the model were tested empirically with a multitrait-multimethod design. This required the development of a battery of psychometric tests based on task analytic procedures. These tests were administered to a sample of 117 white middle class, school-Ieavers. The data obtained was statistically analysed according to a linear structural equation modeling technique using confirmatory factor analytic procedures. The results show support for the construct validity of the processing tests in terms of convergent and discriminant validity and therefore also for the proposed structural model of problem solving processes and the underlying hypothesis that the structure of information processing can be differentiated.