Eddy Current Techniques for Non-destructive Testing of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic (CFRP)

by Xin Li

Institution: University of Manchester
Year: 2012
Keywords: CFRP, Eddy current, NDT, Signal Processing, Imaging
Record ID: 1395664
Full text PDF: http://www.manchester.ac.uk/escholar/uk-ac-man-scw:167388


AbstractThis thesis describes research on the use of eddy current techniques for nondestructivetesting of carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP). The research hasinvolved bulk conductivity testing, fibre direction characterization and 3D FEMmodeling of the CFPR and eddy current probes geometry. In the conductivity testing,how the sample thickness, fibre volume content and fibre conductivity affects thesignal from the eddy current has been evaluated. Eddy current testing shows gooddirectionality as CFRP is an anisotropic material, thus is very suitable to characterizethe fibre orientation. Direction sensitive probes have been developed and tested toreveal information about the fibre direction and layer. Computer FEM software hasbeen used to analyze the magnetic field inside the sample and probes. Specific probegeometries have been designed depending on the electrical properties of thecomposites and testing requirement. The experiment, simulation and analysis resultsshow very good agreement. However, when the measuring frequency increases, noisesand parasitic capacitance inevitably become significant and have a negative influenceon the results. Improvements and further research are proposed which are believed tomake eddy-current techniques a more feasible and efficient measurement method, willcontribute to the development and maintenance of light weight CFRP composites.