|Keywords:||Social Sciences; Social and Economic Geography; Human Geography; Samhällsvetenskap; Social och ekonomisk geografi; Kulturgeografi|
|Full text PDF:||http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:su:diva-115315|
Congestion is a phenomenon that is becoming an increasing problem on road networks in and around many urban areas. As congestion causes a number of environmental, economic and social problems, policy and decision makers have started to consider a number of measures to tackle it. A number of cities have therefore implemented congestion charging systems, with one of the most recent being Valletta, Malta, in May 2007. Despite being part of a number of initiatives in attempting to curb Malta’s considerable congestion problems, there are indicators that the Valletta Controlled Vehicular Access system has not been as successful as originally envisaged in reaching its objectives. This thesis therefore analyses the Valletta CVA system, and other proposed and implemented congestion charging systems around Europe, to discern the common factors of successful and unsuccessful congestion charging systems and their implications for transport policy. This therefore enables the construction of a practical framework for the implementation and operation of a successful congestion charging system in the Maltese context.