Electrical energy analysis in nine countries of Europe, with focus on wind power and other renewable energy sources

by Nariman; Farhang Ghanian

Institution: DIVA
Year: 2015
Keywords: Electrical production; Installed capacity; Consumption; Wind power; renewable energy; Engineering and Technology; Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering; Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering; Teknik och teknologier; Elektroteknik och elektronik; Annan elektroteknik och elektronik; ETGTC Electrical Engineering with emphasis on Telecommunication; ETGTC Elektroteknik med inriktning mot telekommunikation; ET1307 Degree Project in Electrical Engineering; ET1307 Kandidatarbete i elektroteknik
Record ID: 1342383
Full text PDF: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:bth-689


This thesis has been written for the Bachelor degree in Electrical Engineering held at Blekinge Tekniska Högskola Karlskrona, Sweden. The basis of this thesis is a statistical analysis of the electrical energy situation with emphasis on contribution of wind power and other renewable energy in electricity production in the European area and key countries.   The main parameters, which considered in this thesis are electricity production and consumption, installed capacity trends and also the operation of renewable sources, especially wind power in gross electricity generation. Meanwhile, the whole date and materials are based on real values and investigated from the latest publications of governments and energy agencies of European union and key countries.   The target of European renewable energy is that the member countries must achieve at least 20 percent of final energy consumption from renewable energy by 2020. Germany, United Kingdom, Spain and France and Portugal are members of the highest consumers of electricity in the Europe and still the main source of electrical production in these countries are fossil fuels, the main challenge is that they should start to shutting down the traditional power plant and improve the infrastructure for installing the renewable electrical capacity instead.   According to the statistics, many of the European countries such as United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Denmark and Sweden have started up to use the renewable energy to produce the electrical energy, but their governments have special keen eye for investment in the wind energy sector. Wind power grew sharply during the past decades in Europe and becoming vital every coming day in comparison to other renewable energy, since the low cost of electricity can be granted through a small investment and relies on the wind blowing compared to the conventional electricity generation sources. The diagrams demonstrate the wind power has a main portion to producing the electrical energy and every year a considerable amount of installed capacity is added to the total electrical grid.   In addition, the expansion of renewable energy  to achieve the high percent of electrical production requires  the improvement of  infrastructure such as ecological research and high coordination between different organizations. Also, the electrical generation cannot be constant, and in winter the overall consumption and demand for electricity increases all over Europe. The exploitation of some renewable sources such as solar and wind power for electrical production can have fluctuation due to the weather condition and wind speed, which can affect the overall generation to the electrical grid.   Therefore, the balancing of several renewable sources in different seasons,  needs the unique power management for reliable electrical production. In this trend, Norway is a successful country in Europe that uses over 90 percent of  renewable sources for total electrical generation. The thesis has covered…