Comparative study of Final Focus Systems for CLIC and other luminosity enhancement studies for future linear colliders

by Héctor García Morales

Institution: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Year: 2015
Record ID: 1123896
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/285636


The 4th of July 2012 was a milestone date in the history of physics of the last decades. The discovery of the Higgs boson at the ATLAS and CMS experiments thanks to the proton collisions delivered by the LHC not only has provided the missing piece of the Standard Model of particle physics, but most probably, it has opened the door to new physics that remains still hidden today. In order to go beyond in the understanding of the very deep laws of nature, new and more precise experiments are required. One of the alternatives that can unravel these mysteries is the $e^+e^-$ linear collider, being the CLIC~(Compact Linear Collider) and the ILC~(International Linear Collider) the two referents today. These two machines will collide bunches of electrons and positrons of the order of nanometers transverse size to ensure a high quantity of events during bunch crossing. To reach such small beam sizes, a very strong focusing of the beam is required by means of magnetic lenses. This strong focusing together with the fact that particles inside a bunch have slightly different energies from the nominal energy, makes that each particle is focalized into a different point. Effectively, this effect is translated into a beam size increase and it is called chromaticity. This effect must be corrected in order to reach an acceptable collision rate. The Final Focus System~(FFS) comprises the task to focalize the beam at the Interaction Point~(IP) and to correct chromaticity. There are two main concepts that carry out this task: the so called traditional or dedicated chromatic correction system and the local chromatic correction system. In this thesis both systems are compared in terms of luminosity performance and how the systems are affected when alignment errors are introduced in the different components of the FFS. We demonstrate that, at high energies, an optimized non-local FFS despite of being longer, is faster to tune and therefore, can deliver more integrated luminosity. The results of these studies have been published on Physical Review Special Topics Accelerators and Beams. The possibility of reducing the horizontal $beta$-function for CLIC at 500 GeV center of mass energy has also been explored. This option would allow a luminosity increase or it would also allow to reduce the bunch charge while keeping the same luminosity. Finally, some studies concerning the optimization of the ILC FFS have been done, including the possibility of implementing the traveling focus scheme and the option of using the CLIC FFS lattice as ILC FFS has been considered showing the advantages; La data del 4 de Juliol del 2012 quedará marada per sempre a la història de la física com una de les més importants de les darreres dèades. El descobriment del bosó de Higgs als experiments ATLAS i CMS mitjançant col.lisions al LHC ha permés col.locar la peça que faltava al Model Estàndard de la física decpartícules però al seu torn, ha obert la porta o trobar nova física que encara avui roman desconeguda. Per tal d'anar més enllà en la comprensió de les lleis…