AbstractsBiology & Animal Science

Rice cultivars responses to moisture stress during seed germination and early-seedling growth

by Bhupinder Singh

Institution: Mississippi State University
Year: 2016
Keywords: seed germination.; root traits; rice; polyethylene glycol; osmotic potential; morpho-physiological parameters; field capacity; drought; Cumulative drought response index
Posted: 02/05/2017
Record ID: 2124100
Full text PDF: http://sun.library.msstate.edu/ETD-db/theses/available/etd-03142016-105131/


Drought is the major environmental factor affecting crop growth, yield and quality. Two experiments were conducted to understand rice genotypic variability responses to drought stress conditions during seed germination and early-seedling growth. In Experiment I, the influence of wide range of osmotic stress on seed germination properties of 15 rice cultivars were studied using polyethylene glycol media. In Experiment II, seedling morph-physiological parameters including root traits were quantified by subjecting rice seedlings to three different soil moisture treatments, 100, 66 and 33% field capacity. Rice cultivars differed in their response to drought at both the stages. Cultivars were classified into different drought tolerant groups based cumulative drought response indices. Based on seed- and early-season growth and developmental responses, RU1104122, Rex, CL111 and RU1304154 were identified as drought tolerant among the rice cultivars tested. The identified tolerant cultivars will be a source for rice breeders to develop new drought tolerant cultivars. Advisors/Committee Members: K. Raja Reddy (chair), Timothy W. Walker (committee member), Edilberto Redoña (committee member), W. Brien Henry (committee member).