Three Essays on Family Economics

by Hui Mai

Institution: University of Washington
Year: 2015
Keywords: Family Relocation; Maternal Health; Quantity and Quality Trade Off; School Mobility; Sibling Fixed Effects; Youth Risky Behavior; Economics, Labor; Economics; economics
Posted: 02/05/2017
Record ID: 2103176
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/1773/33720


Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data, my dissertation investigates several key issues in family economics. The first chapter studies the role of family relocation on children's schooling and youth behavior problems. By exploiting the variation in sibling's age at the time of family relocation, we find no detectable negative effects of family relocation on various children's outcomes. We extend our discussion to the context of school mobility and child outcomes. In the second chapter, we use individual school change history from the NLSY 97 and control for sibling fixed effects to estimate how the variation in children's age at school change would affect a set of outcome variables. We find school change made at age 16-18 would significantly reduce children's education achievement by age 20 and increase their possibility for repeating grade in school. In the third chapter, we examine the impact of family size on maternal health outcomes by exploiting the exogenous change in family size using contraceptive failure as instrument variable. This result indicates that mothers' mental health at age 40 is negatively affected by having additional child while their physical health stays intact. Advisors/Committee Members: Kim, Seik (advisor).