AbstractsBusiness Management & Administration

Radio Resource Management in LTE-Advanced Systems with Carrier Aggregation

by Ran Zhang

Institution: University of Waterloo
Year: 2016
Keywords: Long-Term Evolution systems; Carrier Aggregation; Radio Resource Management; Heterogeneous Networks; Dynamic Component Carrier Configuration; LTE-Unlicensed; Stochastic Geometry
Posted: 02/05/2017
Record ID: 2069688
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10012/10552


In order to meet the ever-increasing demand for wireless broadband services from fast growing mobile users, the Long Term Evolution -Advanced (LTE-A) standard has been proposed to effectively improve the system capacity and the spectral efficiency for the fourth-generation (4G) wireless mobile communications. Many advanced techniques are incorporated in LTE-A systems to jointly ameliorate system performance, among which Carrier Aggregation (CA) is considered as one of the most promising improvements that has profound significance even in the upcoming 5G era. Component carriers (CCs) from various portions of the spectrum are logically concatenated to form a much larger virtual band, resulting in remarkable boosted system capacity and user data throughput. However, the unique features of CA have posed many emerging challenges as well as span-new opportunities on the Radio Resource Management (RRM) in the LTE-A systems. First, although multi-CC transmission can bring higher throughput, it may incur more intensive interference for each CC and more power consumption for users. Thus the performance gain of CA under different conditions needs fully evaluating. Besides, as CA offers flexible CC selection and cross-CC load balancing and scheduling, enhanced RRM strategies should be designed to further optimize the overall resource utilization. In addition, CA enables the frequency reuse on a CC resolution, adding another dimension to inter-cell interference management in heterogeneous networks (HetNets). New interference management mechanisms should be designed to take the advantage of CA. Last but not least, CA empowers the LTE-A systems to aggregate the licensed spectrum with the unlicensed spectrum, thus offering a capacity surge. Yet how to balance the traffic between licensed and unlicensed spectrum and how to achieve a harmony coexistence with other unlicensed systems are still open issues. To this end, the dissertation emphasizes on the new functionalities introduced by CA to optimize the RRM performance in LTE-A systems. The main objectives are four-fold: 1) to fully evaluate the benefits of CA from different perspectives under different conditions via both theoretical analysis and simulations; 2) to design cross-layer CC selection, packet scheduling and power control strategies to optimize the target performance; 3) to analytically model the interference of HetNets with CA and propose dynamic interference mitigation strategies in a CA scenario; and 4) to investigate the impact of LTE transmissions on other unlicensed systems and develop enhanced RRM mechanisms for harmony coexistence. To achieve these objectives, we first analyze the benefits of CA via investigating the user accommodation capabilities of the system in the downlink admission control process. The LTE-A users with CA capabilities and the legacy LTE users are considered. Analytical models are developed to derive the maximum number of users that can be admitted into the system given the user QoS requirements and traffic features. The results show…