Analysis of Reactor Simulations Using Surrogate Models.

by Artem Yankov

Institution: University of Michigan
Department: Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences
Degree: PhD
Year: 2015
Keywords: surrogate models; Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences; Engineering
Record ID: 2060758
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/111485


The relatively recent abundance of computing resources has driven computational scientists to build more complex and approximation-free computer models of physical phenomenon. Often times, multiple high fidelity computer codes are coupled together in hope of improving the predictive powers of simulations with respect to experimental data. To improve the predictive capacity of computer codes experimental data should be folded back into the parameters processed by the codes through optimization and calibration algorithms. However, application of such algorithms may be prohibitive since they generally require thousands of evaluations of computationally expensive, coupled, multiphysics codes. Surrogates models for expensive computer codes have shown promise towards making optimization and calibration feasible. In this thesis, non-intrusive surrogate building techniques are investigated for their applicability in nuclear engineering applications. Specifically, Kriging and the coupling of the anchored-ANOVA decomposition with collocation are utilized as surrogate building approaches. Initially, these approaches are applied and naively tested on simple reactor applications with analytic solutions. Ultimately, Kriging is applied to construct a surrogate to analyze fission gas release during the Ris?? AN3 power ramp experiment using the fuel performance modeling code Bison. To this end, Kriging is extended from building surrogates for scalar quantities to entire time series using principal component analysis. A surrogate model is built for fission gas kinetics time series and the true values of relevant parameters are inferred by folding experimental data with the surrogate. Sensitivity analysis is also performed on the fission gas release parameters to gain insight into the underlying physics.