High Performance Three-Dimensional Display Based on Polymer-Stabilized Blue Phase Liquid Crystal

by Yifan Liu

Institution: University of Central Florida
Degree: PhD
Year: 2014
Keywords: Dissertations, Academic  – Optics and Photonics; Optics and Photonics  – Dissertations, Academic; Three dimensional display; blue phase liquid crystal; fast response; contrast ratio; hysteresis
Record ID: 2025661
Full text PDF: http://digital.library.ucf.edu/cdm/ref/collection/ETD/id/6309


Autostereoscopic 2D/3D (two-dimension/three-dimension) switchable display has been attracting great interest in research and practical applications for several years. Among different autostereoscopic solutions, direction-multiplexed 3D displays based on microlens array or parallax barrier are viewed as the most promising candidates, due to their compatibility with conventional 2D display technologies. These 2D/3D switchable display system designs rely on fast switching display panels and photonics devices, including adaptive focus microlens array and switchable slit array. Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal (PS-BPLC) material provides a possible solution to meet the aforementioned fast response time requirement. However, present display and photonic devices based on blue phase liquid crystals suffer from several drawbacks, such as low contrast ratio, relatively large hysteresis and short lifetime. In this dissertation, we investigate the material properties of PS-BPLC so as to improve the performance of PS-BPLC devices. Then we propose several PS-BPLC devices for the autostereoscopic 2D/3D switchable display system designs. In the first part we evaluate the optical rotatory power (ORP) of blue phase liquid crystal, which is proven to be the primary reason for causing the low contrast ratio of PS-BPLC display systems. Those material parameters affecting the ORP of PS-BPLC are investigated and an empirical equation is proposed to calculate the polarization rotation angle in a PS-BPLC cell. Then several optical compensation methods are proposed to compensate the impact of ORP and to improve the contrast ratio of a display system. The pros and cons of each solution are discussed accordingly. In the second part, we propose two adaptive focus microlens array structures and a high efficiency switchable slit array based on the PS-BPLC materials. By optimizing the design parameters, these devices can be applied to the 2D/3D switchable display systems. In the last section, we focus on another factor that affects the performance and lifetime of PS-BPLC devices and systems: the UV exposure condition. The impact of UV exposure wavelength, dosage, uniformity, and photo-initiator are investigated. We demonstrate that by optimizing the UV exposure condition, we can reduce the hysteresis of PS-BPLC and improve its long term stability.