|Institution:||University of Toronto|
|Keywords:||neural tube development; zebrafish; cilia; planar cell polarity; Golgi trafficking; Vangl2; Tmem14a|
|Full text PDF:||http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33371|
Planar cell polarity (PCP) refers to the coordinated orientation, movement, or structure of cells within the plane of a tissue. Zebrafish PCP mutants such as the vangl2 mutant exhibit defects in convergent extension, neural tube morphogenesis, and ciliary positioning. Tmem14a is a putative tetraspanin protein that was identified as an potential interactor of Vangl2 in a membrane yeast-two hybrid screen. GFP-tagged versions of Tmem14a are localized to the trans-Golgi network in zebrafish neuroepithelial cells. Knockdown of Tmem14a activity results in convergent extension defects, an ectopic accumulation of cells in the neural tube, and disorganized cilia. The localization of GFP-tagged Tmem14a to the trans-Golgi network suggested that Tmem14a plays a role in the trafficking of core PCP components to the cell membrane. Indeed, the membrane localization of GFP-Vangl2 was disrupted in Tmem14a morphants. Thus, Tmem14a is an interactor of Vangl2 and a novel regulator of vertebrate planar cell polarity signaling.