Numerical modelling study of rock support system for deep mine haulage drift

by Wei Wei

Institution: McGill University
Department: Department of Mining and Materials
Degree: M. Eng.
Year: 2010
Keywords: Engineering - Mining
Record ID: 1882090
Full text PDF: http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/thesisfile95194.pdf


Haulage drifts are used for the transportation of blasted ore from the draw point to nearby ore pass or dumping point in sublevel mining systems. During production, haulage drifts are occupied by mine operators and haulage equipment. Therefore the stability of haulage drifts is important to the safe and uninterrupted production of a mining operation. It would be advantageous to know a priori how drift stability is influenced by mining activities in the proximity of the drift. This thesis presents the results of a study to examine drift stability and rock support system performance of a haulage drift, based on a case study of Garson mine from Vale Inco, Sudbury, Canada. The Mohr-Coulomb and Hoek-Brown models are the most widely used constitutive laws to describe the elastoplastic behaviour of rock materials under load. They are available in many numerical modeling codes including Phase2 and FLAC, which were selected to perform the numerical modeling analyses in this thesis. Consequently, the Mohr-Coulomb and Hoek-Brown constitutive models are reviewed in the first place. The finite element method is selected, together with Hoek-Brown model, to study the influencing factors of stability of haulage drift; finite difference method is chosen, along with Mohr-Coulomb model, to examine the performance of rock support system design. Much information is gathered from the mine site to help understand the entire mining environment. Parameters like rock mass character, mining plan and stress environment need to be known ahead of time in preparation for building the numerical model. Consequently, a geomechanical database named “Data Integrator for Mine Analysis and Design (DIMAND)”, including the most important features related to mining activities, has been developed. Numerical modeling results reveal that there is a dominant trend of low stress regime (postpeak) in the drift back, which results from the stoping activities in both cases of low and high horizontal to ver Dans les opérations de minage en vrac, le minerai est transporté des points de soutirages aux chûtes à minerai grâce aux galeries de halage. Ces galeries de halage sont utilisés par le personnel quotidiennement. Donc, la stabilité des galeries de halage est primordiale pour garantir une production constante et sécuritaire. Il serait avantageux de savoir a priori comment la galerie de halage sera affectée par l'activité minière avoisinante. Ce mémoire décrit les résultats d'une étude qui examine la stabilité et la performance du soutènement d'une galerie de halage de la mine Garson, Sudbury Ontarion, Canada, propriété de Vale. Les critères de Mohr-Coulomb et de Hoek-Brown sont les plus utilisés pour décrire le comportement du massif rocheux soumis à des contraintes. Les logiciels Phase 2 et FLAC ont été retenus pour compléter l'analyse numérique de ce travail, car les critères de Mohr-Coulomb et de Hoek-Brown y sont intégrés. Pour étudier les facteurs influençant la stabilité de la galerie de halage, un code avec éléments finis (Phase2) utilisant le…