Ford Urban Mobility Networks Providing Solutions to Social and Environmental Problems in Urban Slums

by Tingting Liu

Institution: University of Michigan
Department: School of Natural Resources and Environment
Degree: MS
Year: 2009
Keywords: Transportation Systems; Urban Slums
Record ID: 1844232
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/62098


SUB SAHARAN AFRICA: Although Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) is often viewed as predominantly rural, it is one of the most rapidly urbanizing regions of the world. SSA has one of the highest proportions of its urban population living in slums, as slums absorb most of this rapid urban growth. Since slums are often situated on the periphery of cities, transportation is a serious problem and contributes to the poverty of slum dwellers. By creating efficient, integrated transportation systems, New Mobility has potential to be one solution to the urbanization of poverty, as New Mobility systems increase an individual???s accessibility to transportation solutions through highly integrated, environmentally sound, and socially equitable multi-modal transportation. This project seeks to understand the unique characteristics of slums in Sub Saharan Africa and to determine in what form, to what extent, and under what conditions Ford Urban Mobility Networks (FUMN) are a feasible business. The New Mobility Business Model is adapted to SSA by focusing on accessibility and partnerships, in particular between Accessibility Partners (transportation and IT providers categorized by their ability to access a slum) and Support Partners (who provide other aspects of the New Mobility value network). Determining the feasibility of providing FUMN solutions to a particular slum is achieved through a Market Assessment process, and determining how best to provide such solutions is achieved through Market Penetration Strategies. The Market Assessment involves using the Slum Evaluation Matrix and Business Scenario Guide to determine a likely Business Scenario for a given slum. The Slum Evaluation Matrix comprises 35 Indicators evaluated by risk and opportunity in 7 Categories, including Stability, Institutions, Infrastructure, Economy / Employment, Environment, Education and Health. The Business Scenario Guide allows FUMN to determine the likely Business Scenario, which are Profitable, Participatory, and Philanthropic. The Market Penetration Strategies involve co-creating custom solutions within the slum, building effective partnerships, and leveraging FUMN???s competitive advantage when doing business in the ???Badlands.???