|Institution:||University of Johannesburg|
|Keywords:||Titanium alloys; Titanium alloys - Testing; High-speed machining|
|Full text PDF:||http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13339|
High speed machining (HSM) has the potential to greatly increase productivity and to lower manufacturing costs if workpiece surface integrity can be controlled. The surface fmish of a biomaterial is vitally important for proper implant functioning, and is the focus of this study. Grade 4 titanium was turned on a lathe with cutting speeds increasing from the conventional to the high speed range. The surface finish was assessed using profilometry, atomic force microscopy, and contact angle measurement. The ability of the material to bond directly with bone was predicted by cell adhesion studies. Results indicate that there is a general relationship between cutting speed, surface roughness, contact angle, and cell adhesion. Turning grade 4 titanium at cutting speeds between 150m/min and 200m/min may provide an optimal surface for osseointegration.