Perceptions of stakeholders in education on the distribution of condoms to secondary schools learners in the Oshana region

by Elizabeth Nailoke Kapolo

Institution: Stellenbosch University
Year: 2014
Keywords: Industrial psychology; AIDS (Diesease) in adolescents  – Namibia  – Oshana  – Prevention; HIV infections  – Namibia  – Oshana  – Prevetion; Condom use  – Namibia  – Oshana  – Public opinion; Teenage pregnancy  – Namibia  – Oshana  – Prevention
Record ID: 1475432
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/95885


Thesis (MPhil) – Stellenbosch University, 2014. ENGLISH ABSTRACT: HIV and AIDS is the most catastrophic epidemic affecting the entire world. Worldwide HIV and AIDS has become the single largest cause of death among populations. It has reached an acute stage and continues its deadly course. Despite the effort situation that people in different parts of the word and sectors have made and still making to better the condition, HIV and AIDS is still increasing on a daily basis particularly among the youth. Since its existence, the epidemic has claimed lives of many family members, learners, and colleagues regardless the age, gender and race. It has become the daily news in every media, affecting majorities in one way or another. The fight against HIV and AIDS demands huge collective responses from individuals, communities and governments at large and continuous education has a major role to play in this fight. The study investigated the perception of stakeholders in education mainly the teachers and learners on the issue of condoms distribution to secondary school learners in the Oshana Region as a preventative method. The study was stimulated by a higher number of learners‟ drop-outs due to teenage pregnancies in most secondary schools in the Oshana Region. The study confirmed that condoms are needed to prevent unwanted pregnancies and reducing HIV transmission among learners. Most learners are not yet sexually, emotionally and physically-matured to make comprehensive decision on sex practices. Some teachers felt that the availability and accessibility of condoms in schools might increase promiscuity among learners. Therefore before condoms‟ availability and accessibility, there is a need of massive awareness on sex education in order to save our learners. Interestingly, learners who participated in the study were happy if condoms could be made available and accessible in their schools. Furthermore they felt that the sexual active learners would be able to complete their secondary education free from unwanted pregnancies and HIV transmission. From the research findings, recommendations are made to the education policy makers to provide guidelines to the stakeholders on whether the condoms availability and accessibility was necessary in the secondary schools. The research had shown that the use of condoms was safe with no hormonal or medical side effects. Therefore strategies on how to make them accessible and available to our learners should be treated as a matter of urgency. Finally, “prevention is better that cure”. AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: MIV/Vigs is die mees katastrofiese epidemie wat 'n invloed het op die hele wêreld vandag. MIV/Vigs is die grootste enkele oorsaak van dood onder bevolkings wêreldwyd. Ondanks die beste pogings om die pandemie te bekamp verprei dit nog steeds op 'n daaglise basis en is dit veral onstellend om te sien in watter mate dit onder die jeug versprei. Sedert sy ontstaan het die epidemie lewens van talle familielede, leerders en kollegas geneem ongeag …