|Keywords:||Quantum; Entanglement; Superconducting; Qubit; SQUID; Quantum gate; Natural Sciences; Physical Sciences; Other Physics Topics; Naturvetenskap; Fysik; Annan fysik; Kandidatprogram i fysik, 180 hp; Bachelor Programme in Physics , 180 hp; Fysik; Physics|
|Full text PDF:||http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-32238|
Conventional computing based on classical technologies is approaching its limits. Therefore scientists are starting to consider the applications of quantum mechanics as a means for constructing more powerful computers. After proposing theoretical methods, many experimental setups have been designed to achieve quantum computing in reality. This thesis gives some background information on the subject of quantum computing. We first review the concept of quantum entanglement, which plays a key role in quantum computing, and then we discuss the physics of the SQUIDs-cavity method proposed by Yang et al ., and give the definitions of quantum gates which are the elements that are needed to construct quantum circuits. Finally we give an overview of recent developments of SQUIDs-cavity systems and quantum circuits after Yang et al. 's proposal in 2003. These new developments help to take a step towards the constructions of higher levels of quantum technologies, e.g. quantum algorithms and quantum circuits.