|Institution:||University of Lund|
|Keywords:||technology; Structural change; inter-industry linkages; production processes; deindustrialization; service duality; business services; global value chains; productivity.; Business and Economics|
|Full text PDF:||http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/4317401
This thesis analyses structural changes and the role of technology in the Swedish economy since the 1970s. With the attention directed towards interdependencies between sectors, a vertical perspective is applied on the economy. This contrats to the most often used horizontal perspective, in which individual sectors, such as manufacturing and services, are studied in isolation. With an integration of evolutionary economics and input-output economics, the aim of this thesis is to investigate to what extent five horizontally oriented notions - (1) more vertically disintegrated production processes, (2) a deindustrialized economy, (3) the growing importance of the business services sector as a distributor and generator of growth enhancing knowledge, (4) the distinction between a low productivity service sector and a high productivity manufacturing sector and (5) reduced competitiveness - remain valid when a vertical perspective is applied on the contemporary Swedish economy. Are the notions dependent on the particular perspective applied? To what extent will the vertical perspective gradade the general understanding of value creation and structural change? Investigating the five notions with input-output techniques, it is argued that a vertical perspective contributes to a new and more complete understanding of value creation and structural change in the Swedish economy during the Third industrial revolution. The emphasized notions are still valid, but they are dependent on the perspective applied to a non-negligible extent. A vertical perspective on value creation and structural change therefore gradates the interpretations of some generally accepted notions concerning the contemporary Swedish economy. Not the least, the chosen perspective illuminates some of the underlying mechanisms behind the structural changes among horizontally represented sectors. In this way, this thesis complements the existing knowledge concerning structural change and the role of technology in the growth process. The conventional approach to the analysis of structural change is to apply a horizontal perspective on the economy. This means that sectors are studied in isolation. By the integration of two strands of literature on structural change and the role of technology, evolutionary economics and input-output economics, this thesis applies a vertical perspective on the economy – how production processes create, and alter, the intermediate interdependencies between horizontally represented sectors. With this approach, several well-established notions about the contemporary Swedish economy are analysed from a new angle. These concern the level of specialization, the process of deindustrialization, the growing importance of business services, the productivity leadership of the manufacturing sector, and reduced competitiveness. It is argued that a vertical perspective contributes to a new and more complete understanding of value creation and structural change during the Third industrial revolution.