Evaluation of time varying stresses in a Howden fan

by Tim van Mierlo

Institution: Linnæus University
Year: 2015
Keywords: Finite element analyses; Dynamic substructuring; Axial flow fan; Blade; Rotor dynamics; Centrifugal force; Engineering and Technology; Mechanical Engineering; Teknik och teknologier; Maskinteknik; Mechanical Engineering, Master Programme, 60 credits; Maskinteknik, magisterprogram, 60 hp; Maskinteknik; Mechanical Engineering
Record ID: 1344152
Full text PDF: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-43752


In this work, the time varying stresses in a Howden axial flow fan are obtained by finite element analyses. Dynamic substructuring is used to obtain accurate values of the stresses in the threads of the blade shaft, the component which connects the blade with the hub. Three different global models are used to compare the influence of neglecting the fan shaft and the stiffness influence of the centrifugal force. The relative displacements, which are obtained from the global models, have been used as boundary condition in the detailed models. The detailed models are used to obtain the Von Mises stresses in the root of the threads of the blade shaft. Finally the results of the three global models are compared with experimental measured data provided by Howden. The experimental data results in the highest Von Mises stresses. The model with the fan shaft and the stiffness influence of the centrifugal force gives values for the Von Mises stresses which are approximately twenty percent lower. The model without the fan shaft results in the lowest stresses which are approximately forty percent lower than the stresses obtained using the measured data.