|Keywords:||planning ability; intellectual disability; cognitive artifacts; situated cognition; Social Sciences; Other Social Sciences; Social Sciences Interdisciplinary; Samhällsvetenskap; Annan samhällsvetenskap; Tvärvetenskapliga studier; Natural Sciences; Computer and Information Science; Human Computer Interaction; Naturvetenskap; Data- och informationsvetenskap; Människa-datorinteraktion (interaktionsdesign); Kognitionsvetenskapliga programmet; Cognitive science programme|
|Full text PDF:||http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108845|
Persons with intellectual disability have been found to perform more poorly on tasks, demanding the use of executive functions like planning, than their peers. This study investigated difficulties with planning, and how problems with planning ability can be supported by using cognitive artifacts to help performance on activities in everyday life, for adolescents with intellectual disability. The approach taken is one of situated cognition, where the natural environment plays a big role, to see if the same difficulties arise as results from traditional research has shown. The traditional view focuses a lot on executive functions, and experimental studies in controlled settings and often suggests interventions and practice of certain functions to get better abilities. Another way is to focus on the use of cognitive artifact, to support problematic abilities, and to get a well-rounded understanding of how the problems actually appear in everyday life, the alternative view of situated cognition is a way to go. The data was gathered through interviews and surveys with the individual’s parents and analyzed through categorization and a repeated measures ANOVA, with a bonferroni corrected post hoc test. Results show several problematic areas, and that there is a difference in how problematic these areas are estimated to be when it comes to planning in everyday situations. It is discussed how the natural contexts helps knowing what planning really means for the group, as well as how it can help finding properties in cognitive artifacts that can help raise the level of independence in planning related tasks.