Low cost non-intrusive home energy monitoring

by Amâncio Lucas Pereira

Institution: Universidade da Madeira
Year: 2014
Keywords: Energy monitoring; Non-intrusive load monitoring; AC power; Machine learning; Eco-feedback; Engenharia informática; .; Centro de Ciências Exatas e de Engenharia
Record ID: 1323620
Full text PDF: http://www.rcaap.pt/detail.jsp?id=oai:digituma.uma.pt:10400.13/581


This thesis presents a low cost non-intrusive home energy monitor built on top of Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring (NILM) concepts and techniques. NILM solutions are already considered low cost alternatives to the big majority of existing commercial energy monitors but the goal here is to make its cost even lower by using a mini netbook as a whole in one solution. The mini netbook is installed in the homes main circuit breaker and computes power consumption by reading current and voltage from the built-in sound card. At the same time, feedback to the users is provided using the 11’’ LCD screen as well as other built-in I/O modules. Our meter is also capable of detecting changes in power and tries to find out which appliance lead to that change and it is being used as part of an eco-feedback platform that was build to study the long terms of energy eco-feedback in individuals. In this thesis the steps that were taken to come up with such a system are presented, from the basics of AC power measurements to the implementation of an event detector and classifier that was used to disaggregate the power load. In the last chapter results from some validation tests that have been performed are presented in order to validate the experiment. It is believed that such a system will not only be important as an energy monitor, but also as an open system than can be easily changed to accommodate and test new or existing nonintrusive load monitoring techniques.