AbstractsLanguage, Literature & Linguistics

The Freedom of Free Variation

by Iris van Zwaag

Institution: Leiden University
Year: 2014
Keywords: loanwords; language variation; pronunciation; Dutch; English; social variables; Longman Pronunciation Dictionary; origin
Record ID: 1260257
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/28317


This study focuses on the variation in pronunciation of 18 Dutch loanwords. These loanwords know variation in a vowel or consonant, or in their stress pattern. With the help of a questionnaire and wordlist, the varying pronunciation forms of these Dutch loanwords were analysed. By studying the origin of these loanwords, it became evident whether the donor language influenced the pronunciation. It became clear that French is the most influential donor language with regards to the pronunciation. Correlations with sex, age, region, educational level, and dialect proficiency were also studied to find any patterns. The social variables sex and educational level influenced the choices speakers made for a certain pronunciation form the most.