AbstractsMedical & Health Science

Ethnic differences in diet: A focus on methodology, determinants and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

by L.H. Dekker

Institution: Universiteit van Amsterdam
Year: 2015
Record ID: 1252635
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/11245/1.474380


The overall aim of this thesis was to enhance the scientific basis for dietary analysis and the role of diet in T2DM prevalence in an ethnically diverse population. A large multi-ethnic population including five ethnic groups - South Asian origin Surinamese, African origin Surinamese, Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch origin - was utilized to achieve this goal. To address the main aim of this thesis the following questions were formulated: 1. How feasible it is to develop ethnic specific food frequency questionnaire and how stable are dietary patterns over time? 2. What are the dietary patterns of the main migrant groups in the Netherlands and what is the association between social-economic status, acculturation and these dietary patterns? 3. What is the association between diet and T2DM and what is the role of ethnicity in this respect? The studies described in this thesis were based on different sources of data. Data was obtained from the HELIUS Study and the HELIUS-Dietary Patterns study, which included men and women of all five ethnic groups. Additionally, data collected within the SUNSET study was used, which included South Asian origin Surinamese, African origin Surinamese and Dutch origin. Also, data was obtained from the Doetinchem Cohort Study, including men and women from Dutch origin, and from The Singapore Prospective Study Program 2, which included migrants of Indian origin.