Interventions for the Sustainable Development of Architectural Heritage - The Example of the Soda Fabriek in Schiedam, NL:

by M. Zarmpis

Institution: Delft University of Technology
Year: 2015
Keywords: sustainability; refurbishment; historic building; monuments; building conservation; architectural heritage; heritage
Record ID: 1248027
Full text PDF: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:9dfadff4-0ed7-4c94-842b-9c765a7403b2


Existing historic buildings, remnants of a past long gone are often still highly operational in our time, most likely at the expense of the environment. Without interventions, their energy performance is outdated – provided they are used in a contemporary way - and they contribute to the over-consumption of energy and the increase of greenhouse gas emissions. Intervention possibilities for historic buildings are numerous and highly dependent on a case by case approach. This project examines the case of the Soda Fabriek in Schiedam, an 18th century industrial building. Technical solutions for the energy performance upgrade of the Soda Fabriek’s envelope in respect to its historical significance will be discussed. Yet even for this aspect of a redesign, it is imperative to keep in mind the original elements or characteristics of the building in question. Interventions are always appropriate to the goals of each project. Lowest energy consumption, energy neutrality, over-all sustainability, conservation are different approaches to the issue of upgrading or redeveloping architectural heritage and can lead to different degrees of intervention on such a building. The approach taken to achieve those goals also plays a big role. Simplicity of interventions, budget, extravagance, appearance can have significant impact on how an existing peace of architectural heritage is being redeveloped for a new purpose. This project shows clearly that partial intervention, although it can achieve some improvement on the energy consumed for conditioning a building, it simply is not sufficient. More holistic approaches on all aspects and elements of an existing building are necessary already from the initial stages of re-design, if a historic building is to answer to the issue of energy and sustainability of architectural heritage.