|Institution:||Università di Bologna|
|Keywords:||CHIM/03 Chimica generale e inorganica|
|Full text PDF:||http://amsdottorato.unibo.it/7096/1/Michela_Reggi_Tesi.pdf|
The objective of this theses is to contribute to the wide discussion about the biological control level on the biomineralization operated by calcifying organisms. In particular the intra-crystalline organic matrix associated with different coral species was studied and its role in the process was investigated. The main goals obtained from the research on corals included: (i) the discovery of the species specific role of the intra-crystalline organic matrix molecules in the precipitation of calcium carbonate; (ii) the definition of the role of magnesium ions in the control of the macromolecules assembly/aggregation and in the consequent calcium carbonate polymorphic selectivity; (iii) the discovery that in corals the biomineralization process is not affected by the sea water acidity, as consequence corals are able to construct their skeletons independently from the environmental conditions as far they survive. At the same time, investigations on different kind of vaterite, biogenic and synthetic, were also carried out and confirm the importance of the organism control on the biomineralization process and in particular on the co-existence of different crystalline structures of vaterite for enabling optimization of specific functions, through the employment of OM and acidic macromolecules.