AbstractsBiology & Animal Science

Interactions of G-quadruplex binders and Topoisomerase I inhibitors in cancer cells

by Yee Peng Tiang

Institution: Università di Bologna
Year: 2015
Keywords: BIO/11 Biologia molecolare
Record ID: 1225246
Full text PDF: http://amsdottorato.unibo.it/6951/4/Theses_GC_Tiang.pdf


Top1-DNA cleavage complexes (Top1ccs) trigger an accumulation of antisense RNAPII transcripts specifically at active divergent CpG-island promoters in a replication independent and Top1 dependent manner, leading to transcription-dependent genome instability and altered transcription regulation. Using different cancer cell lines of colon and osteo origins, we show that they display different sensitivity to CPT and G4 binder that is independent from Top1 level. To look at the interactions between Top1 and G4, we show that co-treatment with G4 binders potentiate the cell cytotoxicity of CPT regardless of the treatment sequences. Potentiation is indicated by a reduced inhibition concentration (IC50) with a more profound cytotoxicity in CPT-resistant cell lines, HCT15 and U2OS, hence, indicating an interaction between Top1inhibitor and G4 binders. Moreover, computational analysis confirmed the present of G4 motifs in genes with CPT-induced antisense transcription. G4 motifs are present mostly 5000 bp upstream from transcription start site and notably lower in genes. Comparisons between genes with no antisense transcription and genes with antisense transcription show that G4 motifs in this region are notably lower in the genes with antisense transcripts. Since CPT increases negative supercoils at promoters of intermediate activity, the formation of G4 is also increased in CPT-treated cells. Suprisingly, formation of G4 is regulated in parallel to the transient stabilization of R-loops, indicating a role in response to CPT-induced stress. G4 formation is highly elevated in Pyridostatin treated cells, which previous study shows increased formation of γH2Ax foci. This effect is also seen in the CPT-resistant cell lines, HCT15, indicating that the formation is a general event in response to CPT. We also show that R-loop formation is greatly increased in Pyridostatin treated cells. In order to study the role of R-loops and G4 structures in Top1cc-dependant repair pathway, we inhibited tyrosyl-phosphodiestrase 1 (TDP-1) using a TDP-1 inhibitor.