|Institution:||Università di Bologna|
|Keywords:||CHIM/06 Chimica organica|
|Full text PDF:||http://amsdottorato.unibo.it/6865/1/Manoni_Roberta_tesi.pdf|
Molecular recognition and self-assembly represent fundamental issues for the construction of supramolecular systems, structures in which the components are held together through non-covalent interactions. The study of host-guest complexes and mechanical interlocked molecules, important examples in this field, is necessary in order to characterize self-assembly processes, achieve more control over the molecular organization and develop sophisticated structures by using properly designed building blocks. The introduction of paramagnetic species, or spin labelling, represents an attractive opportunity that allows their detection and characterization by the Electron Spin Resonance spectroscopy, a valuable technique that provides additional information to those obtained by traditional methods. In this Thesis, recent progresses in the design and the synthesis of new paramagnetic host-guest complexes and rotaxanes characterized by the presence of nitroxide radicals and their investigation by ESR spectroscopy are reported. In Chapter 1 a brief overview of the principal concepts of supramolecular chemistry, the spin labelling approach and the development of ESR methods applied to paramagnetic systems are described. Chapter 2 and 3 are focused on the introduction of radicals in macrocycles as Cucurbiturils and Pillar[n]arenes, due to the interesting binding properties and the potential employment in rotaxanes, in order to investigate their structures and recognition properties. Chapter 4 deals with one of the most studied mechanical interlocked molecules, the bistable rotaxane reported by Stoddart and Heath based on the ciclobis (paraquat-p-phenylene) CBPQT4+, that represents a well known example of molecular switch driven by external stimuli. The spin labelling of analogous architectures allows the monitoring by ESR spectroscopy of the switch mechanism involving the ring compound by tuning the spin exchange interaction. Finally, Chapter 5 contains the experimental procedures used for the synthesis of some of the compounds described in Chapter 2-4.