J. R. R. Tolkien is a world renowned writer that is credited with the revival of the fantasy genre with his hobbit driven epics. His works have sold in the hundreds of millions and his novels have been transposed to films and comics which have been successful in their own right. With such exposure it is inevitable for his works to exert an influence on its audience. To criticize Tolkien’s work with the aim of getting a fuller understanding of both the author J. R. R. Tolkien and his works calls for well-defined form of literary criticism. Fortunately there is a school of literary criticism that promises to do just that. Marxist literary criticism is a form of criticism that is founded in the theories of Karl Marx and can be applied to any literary text. The aim of Marxist literary criticism is to expose the underlying social and political leanings of the author as well as his works. It is a literary criticism that does not only analyse the literary work but also the author himself in order to get a deeper understanding of both. Marxist literary criticism revolves around the idea that the input of an author affects his output, i.e. the condition, environment, education, religion and historical reality of the author affects his writing and the views expressed there within. Applying Marxist literary criticism to Tolkien and his work, in this case The Hobbit, will clarify the political leanings of both the author and the novel. It will bring to the surface political leanings of the author that are infused into his work. The political message of such a beloved novel, with such a huge audience is inevitably of interest to those who have the twin interests of both politics and J. R. R. Tolkien.