AbstractsComputer Science

Consensus control in robot networks and cooperative teleoperation : an operational space approach

by Carlos Iván Aldana López

Institution: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Year: 2015
Record ID: 1128803
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/287975


An interesting approach in cooperative control is to design distributed control strategies which use only local information so that a multi-agent system achieves specified behaviors. A basic behavior in cooperative control is the consensus. Given a multi-agent system, like a multiple robot network, it is said that the agents reach a consensus if the state of each agent converges to a common state. Examples of cooperative tasks in which consensus algorithms are employed include formation control, flocking theory, rendezvous problems and synchronization. These cooperative tasks have several possible applications, like: transportation systems (intelligent highways, air-traffic control); military systems (formation flight, surveillance, reconnaissance, cooperative attack and rendezvous) and mobile sensor networks (space-based interferometers, environmental sampling). The solution to the consensus problems involves the design of control algorithms such that the agents can reach an agreement on their states. There are two main problems that are studied in consensus, the leader-follower consensus and the leaderless consensus. In the leader-follower consensus problem, there exists a leader that specifies the state for the whole group while in a leaderless consensus problem, there is not a priori reference state. The main goal of this thesis is the design of operational space controllers that solve the leader-follower and the leaderless consensus problems in networks composed of multiple heterogeneous robots. Furthermore, this document proposes novel operational space control schemes for bilateral teleoperation systems. In both scenarios, different conditions are studied, such as the absence of robot velocity measurements, constant and variable time-delays in the robot's interconnection, and uncertainty in the robot's physical parameters. Most of the previous consensus control algorithms, only work with the position or orientation but not with both. On the contrary, this dissertation deals with the entire pose of the robots that contains both the position and the orientation. Moreover, in order to render a singularity-free description of the orientation, the unit-quaternions are employed. The dissertation provides a rigorous stability analysis of the control algorithms and presents simulations and experiments that validate the effectiveness of the proposed controllers.; Un enfoque interesante en el control cooperativo es el diseño de estrategias de control distribuido que requieran sólo información local para que un sistema multi-agente logre comportamientos específicos. Un comportamiento básico del control cooperativo es el consenso. Dado un sistema multi-agente, como una red de múltiples robots, se dice que los agentes llegan a un consenso si el estado de cada agente converge a un estado común. Algunos ejemplos de tareas cooperativas en las que los algoritmos de consenso son utilizados son los siguientes: el control de la formación, flocking, rendezvous y sincronización. Estas tareas cooperativas tienen varias aplicaciones…