|Institution:||Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya|
|Keywords:||Cold-formed; Cross-section behaviour; Effective width; Experimental tests; Local buckling; Local instabilities; Local transverse forces; Numerical modelling; Stainless steel; Web crippling|
|Full text PDF:||http://hdl.handle.net/10803/285582|
This thesis examines the response of stainless steel members when subjected to transverse and normal forces triggering the instability phenomena called web crippling and local buckling, respectively. Currently, the part of Eurocode dealing with stainless steel, EN 1993-1-4 (2006) misses design provisions for web crippling and the applicability of some of its aspects is yet to be fully verified especially for application to ferritic stainless steel. The first part of the thesis laid in the development of design equations for the treatment of web crippling in stainless steel sections which are currently designed following specifications given in EN 1993-1-3 (2006) for cold-formed carbon steel. Two design approaches were derived covering austenitic and ferritic stainless steels: an empiric equation, in line with the current provisions for web crippling design given in EN 1993-1-3 (2006); and an alternative semi-empiric design method based on strength curves which enables a better understanding of the phenomenon and showed to significantly improve web crippling predictions. For the second part of the thesis, the applicability of the local buckling design provisions given in EN 1993-1-4 (2006) to ferritic stainless steel was examined giving focus to the slenderness limits and the effective width equations. The results showed that EN 1993-1-4 (2006) can safely be applied to ferritic stainless steel, though the code is rather conservative in comparison with other methods. Finally, a modification of the effective width equation incorporating element interaction effects was proposed which allows an improvement of cross-section capacity predictions and enables to amend the effective width method to the same level of alternative design approaches but promoting the use of the concepts currently considered in Eurocode.