AbstractsBusiness Management & Administration

Integrated monitoring and structural analysis strategies for the study of large historical construction : application to Mallorca cathedral

by Ahmed Elyamani Ali Mohamed




Institution: Universitat Polit├Ęcnica de Catalunya
Department:
Year: 2015
Record ID: 1124667
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/286236


Abstract

Historical structures are vital to the realization of how the technical, artistic, and scientific skills of the human kind have developed over time. These structures are one of the motors of the tourism industry, and therefore, the studies related to their conservation do not only have social benefits but as well economical ones. It is unfortunately that many countries rich with valuable architectural heritage are characterized by high seismic activity, Italy and Turkey are obvious examples. Due to earthquakes, many invaluable historical structures have been lost forever. Consequently, there is an increasing need for more research on the topic of seismic assessment and protection of this class of buildings. This work contributes to the methodological approaches adopted for the seismic assessment of historical structures. In many cases, due to the lack of knowledge about the assessed historical structure, it is essential to combine many investigation activities in such approaches. The aim is to minimize any possibly required seismic strengthening interventions (minimum intervention concept) by increasing the level of knowledge about the structure. In the current research, the employed experimental investigation activities are the dynamic identification tests and the dynamic monitoring. Most approaches for dynamic monitoring are based on the use of a threshold limit which is used to trigger the system when the parameters measured surpass the limit. Here, an alternative is considered that consists of a continuous monitoring system based on the permanent measurement of the ambient vibration. A thermography monitoring is used as a complementary system for the measurement of temperature. The integration between the dynamic investigation and the numerical modeling is essential and it includes two main features. On one hand, tentative structural analyses are carried out to identify important aspects of the dynamic tests and monitoring strategies such as critical points of the structure where to place the sensors. On the other hand, the results of the dynamic investigation are used to perform model updating until obtaining a satisfactory structural model adequately matching the measured dynamic properties of the structure. Once the structural model is validated, it is used to carry out the seismic assessment of the structure. This assessment is performed using different methods, to cross check the results, including the pushover analysis, the kinematic limit analysis and the nonlinear dynamic analysis. It is then possible with these assessments to identify the seismic behavior of the structure. Using the N2 method, the evaluation of the structural performance and its safety are carried out. Hence, the needs for any possible seismic strengthening are revealed, keeping in mind, the respect to the "minimum intervention" concept. As an application, the cathedral of Mallorca (Spain) is taken as a case study. This structure is one of the largest cathedrals built during the Middle Age. For each of the previously mentioned research…