AbstractsGeography &GIS

Bangladesh Initiatives ­ Theory vs. Practice

by Patrick Berger Rommedahl

Institution: Roskilde University
Year: 2015
Keywords: Bangladesh; Climate changes; BCCSAP; Livelihoods; Sustainability; Vulnerability
Record ID: 1119923
Full text PDF: http://rudar.ruc.dk/handle/1800/20780


Climate changes are a natural phenomenon but the current issue is that the changes are happening more rapidly and as a result of human pollution. Bangladesh is experiencing many challenges as a result of climate changes and these challenges has great consequences such as the destruction of homes, fields and entire cities. The economy of Bangladesh is very dependent on the agricultural sector which creates even more issues when agriculture is compromised by climate changes. The consequences of climate change that Bangladesh is experiencing has made the issue an often discussed political topic. This has resulted in the establishment of different initiatives which are made to help Bangladesh cope with the challenges of climate change. In this project the initiatives in the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP) is being analysed in theory and their effect on the the sustainable livelihood is discussed. The main objective of the project is to look at the influence the BCCSAP has on the sustainability of livelihoods and the vulnerability of the population of Bangladesh. To narrow down the area of study only two out of six themes of initiatives has been chosen for the analysis and discussion. Three theories has been chosen to ensure the quality of the analysis and to analyse the BCCSAP according to the sustainable livelihoods of the population of Bangladesh. The analysis shows that some initiatives has been favored compared to others, but besides this notification the initiatives seemed adequate for improving the sustainable livelihood of the population. The BCCSAP initiatives should lead to a strengthening of the population, as well as a lessening of vulnerability, which makes the initiatives usable for the future. Even though the initiatives seemed to work in theory, several imperfections was discovered when looking at the initiatives in practice. Here it was discovered that only a very small part of the population, decided how the initiatives should be. This small part of the population who was involved were also not necessarily the ones with the most knowledge on the topic. As a consequence of this, some of the initiatives implemented have not been very useful in reality and has not taking into consideration how the general inhabitants of Bangladesh live their lives and what they might need to improve their livelihood. It is also the same initiatives which has been implemented across the country even though the different areas might have different specific needs. Furthermore most of the initiatives are long termed which means that the immediate help needed by the population is not provided. We have therefore concluded that the initiatives presented in the BCCSAP are functional in theory but that the reality of the initiatives has not become the expected success.