AbstractsMedical & Health Science

The role of neuropsychological profiles in adult ADHD and ischemic stroke : Implications for clinical practice

by Johanna Theiling




Institution: Universit├Ąt Bremen
Department: FB11
Degree: PhD
Year: 2015
Record ID: 1110282
Full text PDF: http://elib.suub.uni-bremen.de/edocs/00104426-1.pdf


Abstract

This thesis assesses cognitive functions by means of the WAIS-IV in adults with ADHD and in patients with a first-ever unilateral, ischemic stroke in comparison to a control group. In addition, the contribution of self-reports for predicting cognitive functioning in adults with ADHD is evaluated. The results on adults with ADHD reveal deficits in cognitive functions when compared to a control group. Lower performances appear to be robust with respect to comorbidity and medication. No relationship between self-reported symptoms and cognitive performance can be found. With respect to patients with a stroke, it is demonstrated that both right hemisphere stroke (RHS) and left hemisphere stroke (LHS) patients are likely to have significant impairments in all domains of cognitive functions compared to a control group. RHS patients are particularly deficient in measures requiring visuo-spatial abilities and LHS patients in those with language and processing speed demands.