Integration of GPS/Pseudolite/INS for high precision kinematic positioning and navigation

by Hung Kyu Lee

Institution: University of New South Wales
Department: Surveying & Spatial Information Systems
Year: 2004
Keywords: Pseudolite; GPS; INS; Integrated Navigation System
Record ID: 1032064
Full text PDF: http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/39971


The integrated GPS/INS system has become an indispensable tool for providing precise and continuous position, velocity, and attitude information for many positioning and navigation applications. Although the integrated GPS/INS system provides augmented solutions that make use of the complementary features of each component system, its performance is still limited by the quality of GPS measurements, and the geometric strength of the satellite constellation. To address such a problem this research has focussed on the integration of GPS, Pseudolite and INS technologies. The main research contributions are summarised below: (a)A cost effective GPS/INS integration approach has been developed and tested, consisting of a single-frequency L1 GPS receiver and a tactical-grade strapdown INS. Results of field experiments demonstrate that this approach is capable of delivering position accuracies of the order of a few centimetres under a benign operational environment and provides continuously positioning at sub-decimetre accuracy during GPS signal blockage lasting up to about five seconds. (b) A novel kinematic positioning and navigation system based on GPS/Pseudolite/INS integration has been proposed as an alternative to existing GPS/INS systems. With this integration approach, the continuity, integrity, and precision of the GPS/INS system can be significantly improved as the inclusion of pseudolite signals enhances the GPS signal availability and the geometry strength. (c)The impact of pseudolite location errors in such pseudolite-augmented systems has been investigated. Theoretical and numerical analyses reveal that the error effects on measurement models, and on final positioning solutions, can be minimised by selecting optimal pseudolite location(s). (d)A new ambiguity resolution procedure has been developed for use in the proposed GPS/Pseudolite/INS system. It is designed to rapidly and reliably resolve the single-frequency ambiguities due not only to the aiding by pseudolites and INS, but also by adopting a realistic stochastic model and a statistically rigorous ambiguity validation test. The proposed procedure can indeed improve the performance of the single-frequency ambiguity resolution algorithm in terms of both reliability and time-to-fix-ambiguity. (e)An effective cycle slip detection and identification algorithm has been developed, which is suitable for the integrated GPS/Pseudolite/INS system. Test results indicate that induced cycle slips can be reliably detected and instantaneously identified, even if the slips occur at successive epochs. (f)Flight trials have been conducted to evaluate the overall performance for aircraft approach and landing using the GPS/Pseudolite/INS system. Results from these trials show that an enhancement in the accuracy and reliability of the vehicle navigation solution can be achieved with the employment of one or more pseudolite.